Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) is an island nation south of India in the Indian Ocean. The diverse landscape ranges from the rain forest and dry plains to highlands and sandy beaches. Famous are the ancient Buddhist ruins such as the 5th-century fortress Sigiriya with its palace and frescoes. Anuradhapura was once the capital of Sri Lanka and has many remains of buildings more than 2,000 years old.
The hippo pool is a small pond in the southern part of the Ngorongoro crater that is inhabited by a bloat of hippos. It is one of the few areas in the crater where tourists are allowed to alight from their vehicle, have a picnic or meal.